Kartra Starter Plan Cost

This Kartra strategy, proactively called so to interest customers that are new online or those with an email listing with less than 2,500 calls.

This includes a 2 week examination in addition to fee of $99 every month.

This is a listing of the advantages that include this strategy:

  • Send15,000 e-mails on a monthly basis
  • Optimum of 2,500 telephone calls
  • Develop approximately 100 web pages
  • Create as much as 20 products
  • Have 1 customized domain
  • Run 2 helpdesk sites
  • Indulge in 50GB of ability monthly
  • About 20 followup series
  • Approximately 100 total automation
  • Unlimited website sees
  • 2 x total registration net websites

You potentially do not need 20 items, nonetheless you’ll enjoy the news that they can be improved. Nevertheless, it does not resemble a unfavorable prices plan for an owner of a start-up with around 15,000 emails to send every month. 

If you are aiming at building as well as establishingsales funnels, thistechnique could validate practical also.

Kartra as a matter of fact does email marketing together with these delicious incentives. This can be a cash saver as you do not need to obtain a different email advertising tool.

All you need to do is collect your leads in addition to send the emails with Kartra. Factors obtain a whole far better when you proceed to the Silver strategy. Allow’s take a look at what the Silver method has in store.

Click Here to get your free 14 Day Kartra Starter Plan Trial. One Time Offer Up Sell Clickfunnels Why We Chose Kartra

Sign Up For Your Free 14 Day Kartra Trial Here!

Kartra Silver Plan Monthly Expense  (Kartra‘s most popular plan:

This strategy is most likely as popular as it’s great. Typically, you would certanly pay a much greater month-to-month cost.

Yet remember it is an upgrade of the starter plan, so you reach enjoy great deals of updated benefits. These are the incentives and associates that attribute this strategy:

  • Send up to 125,000 e-mails monthly
  • Assistance approximately
  • 12,500 e-mail contact
  • Generate unlimited items
  • Develop endless web pages
  • Produce unlimited helpdesk websites
  • Unlimited total automation
  • Countless quantity of website
  • Unlimited membership website
  • 125GB month-to-month transmission capacity
  • Unlimited vibrant followups series.
  • As long ashigh as 3 tailored domains.

 

This listing plainly exposes why Silver is Kartra’s many favored plan. If you intend to develop sales funnels that convert very, this is the most effective plan for you. Permit’s see if it can surpass the Gold strategy.

If you prefer to suffer a optimum of 25,000 email get in touches with monhly, this is mosting most likely to be your plan. It likewise isn’t inadequate if you are seeking even more incentives.

As you can forecast, the Gold Plan is an enhancement of the Novice as well as Silver plans.

 

Click Here To Start Your Silver Kartra 14 Day Free Trial

If you desire to support a maximum of 25,000 e-mail contacts monthly, this is mosting likely to be your strategy. It also isn’t poor if you are looking for even more benefits. As you can anticipate, the Gold Plan is an improvement of the Beginner and also Silver plans.

  • Send up to 250,000 e-mails regular monthly
  • Assistance a maximum of 25,000 get in touches with.
  • Develop endless web pages.
  • Develop unlimited products.
  • Have unrestricted web sites.

 

Click Here To Start Your Gold Kartra 14 Day Free Trial. One Time Offer Up Sell Clickfunnels Why We Chose Kartra

One Time Offer Up Sell Clickfunnels Why We Chose Kartra

If you are targeting at holding pertaining to 50,000 email phone calls, this is most likely to the best prepare for you. In addition to if you are right here for an increased variety of benefits, Kartra Platinum gotten you covered.

This strategy involves a 2 week examination duration along with a monthly price of $499 thereafter.

These are the benefits that consist of the technique:

  • Send up to 500,000 e-mails month-to-month
  • Support a optimum of 50,000 calls
  • Create an infinite variety of helpdesk websites
  • Produce an unlimited variety of things
  • Generate an infinite range of pages
  • Unrestricted lively followups series
  • Approximately 10 personalized domain names
  • Limitless full membership sites
  • Endless total automation.
  • Endless variety of gos to on website.

500GB regular month-to-month data transfer.

Outstanding sufficient, approximately you would certainly assert, nonetheless we really have like 2 a lot more strategies to conclude this short article. Let’s continue.

 

Click Here to Start Your Platinum Kartra 14 Day Free Trial

One Time Offer Up Sell Clickfunnels Why We Chose Kartra

Bear in mind that Kartra quit this prepare for unusual factors. We have actually chosen to include it right here simply to work as a source for solution to any kind of inquiry you have concerning it.

If you wish to know absolutely nothing concerning this method, you can proceed to the following method.

But I feel prompted to mention that Kartra Diamond was the cherished of huge advertising and marketing players as you would definitely receive as lots of as 100,000 email get in touches with on top of different other amazing rewards.

When it was below, you can value a 2-week test as well as additionally pay a regular month-to-month cost of $699 afterwards. The only perk we can mention right here was its support for a optimum of 100,000 get in touches with. One Time Offer Up Sell Clickfunnels Why We Chose Kartra

 

Click Here To Start Your Diamond Kartra 14 Day Free Trial

Kartra Venture Plan  Prices & Features

This is the greatest plan you can every buy from Kartra.

Presently, you may ask on your own if you really call for over 100,000 leads.

If you do, after that this strategy will come to be precisely what you require to get huge in your email advertising.

However, unlike the previously mentioned strategies, you will certainly need to speak straight to the people at Kartra to utilize this technique.

So if your email advertising is very progressed that you do not in fact equire tocreate many leads, you are much better off without this strategy.

If you are blistered for much more leads, however, follow this treatment:

1. Click this internet link to Kartra website

2. Make sure that you call their support group regarding getting the Business approach And that’s the checklist of all of Katra’s prices strategies.

Select the strategy that fits the demands of your solution. At the beginning of this message, we guaranteed to detail the costs system, incentives, as well as additionally benefits/features that included Kartra’s services.

Currently permit’s have a eye numerous of the advantages of using Kartra’s attributes: There is a great deal of wonderful things we can discuss Kartra. However, for the objective of your time, we will stay clear of going into detail as well as instead touch on each benefit as lightly as feasible.

If you desire acknowledge much more concerning Kartra and also every infomation concerning its advantages, you can intend to follow this link. One Time Offer Up Sell Clickfunnels Why We Chose Kartra

What Can You Do With Kartra? One Time Offer Up Sell Clickfunnels Why We Chose Kartra

Below we have actually noted several of the major fucntions of Kartra. Please continue reading so you can get a better concept of Kartra and several of its primary features:

 

1. Multidimensional Funnels – Besides letting you produce various kinds of funnels that fit your requirements, Kartragives you with an series of inbuilt readymade funnels which works similarly as flawlessly as those you produce yourself. It is worth stating that every single integrated funnel on the system was produced by Frank Kern himself. Allow’s discover the coolest attributes on the system

 

2. See to it that you contact their support system regarding obtaining the Venture plan which’s the listing of every one of Kartra’s prices strategies. Select the technique that fits the demands of your organisation.

At the start of this blog post, we assured to information the pricing system, rewards, along with benefits/features that include Kartra’s solutions.

3. Provided for your jobs – These offered you projects includes a large amount of advantages, one being the massive quantity it conserves you. The truth that you can release one at a push of a button makes it less complicated to use as well as also much more enticing to newbie. Likewise, if you have actually remained in web marketing for some years, you might have discovered that Frank Kern is sort of an authority in this industry.

Thus you are going to be surprised to hear the master himself collaborated with Kartra to deliver tailor-made funnels for you. One Time Offer Up Sell Clickfunnels Why We Chose Kartra

A common premade channel on Fate includes the following:

 

  • Touchdown pages.
  • Thank you web pages.
  • Emails. Customer check out web pages.
  • Press web pages.

 

As soon as you obtain one, all you require to do is add the name of your product, prices, pictures, in addition to numerous other information.

One click downsells along with upsells. This is amongst a fistful of features numerous Kartra clients do not learn about. It uses to relieve the acquiring treatments of your clients much easier.

If your customer intends to obtain the OTO, the only point you need to do is click the switch recognized Add To Transport everything else flows successfully from there.

Kartra Subscription Sites Builder With Kartra, you can produce registration web pages, drip-feed web content, get out certain internet material, to name a few terrific tasks.

You can even enhance your internet marketing by charging a enrollment. Right here is a video highlighting a whole lot even more concerning subscription sites on Kartra.

 

4. Kartra Payment Gateways You will definitely be thrilled to learn that Kartra integrates with PayPal amongst a list of different other commonly used settlement solutions, consisting of Stripe, Authorize.net, and Braintree.

This is a extremely essential place, specifically if you consider the fact that you will definitely be supplying with your sales channel.

Possibly they are planning to include more alternatives, that understands. Also much better, you make use of Kartra discount promo code codes to aid your customers get rate cuts while making acquisitions.

5. Kartra Affiliate administration – ( remain to tempt in even more associate advertising and marketing experts as well as enhance your sales). If you are a fan of affiliate programs, you will certainly take pleasure in your timewith Kartra.

This firm runs an affiliate management system to take care of users that would enjoy to venture right into this area of advertising and marketing. This additionally suggests you do not require to invest money on stand-alone affiliate marketing gadgets– simply do every little thing from the convenience of your Kartra strategy.

If you are still unaware concerning establishing your Kartra partner advertising and marketing, acquire some understandings from this video.

 

6. Kartra Pages – This feature requires a great deal of description since it does not sound captivating to a good deal of individuals, which’s completely understandable.

However, let’s have a look at the silver lining of it. Kartra provides a drag in addition to decrease performance that makes it feasible for consumers to promptly produce adaptable as well as high remodeling pages.

If you are not an advancement wizard, this is a extremely valuable feature. Given that the drag along with decline functionality is extremely very easy to make use of, you will primarily avoid the headache that consists of attempting to determine something new.

The much shorter the moment you invest establishing high converting funnels as well as putting them at work, the lower the possibility you will certainly lose out on the essential leads in your target market. Katra web pages allows you generate;

  • Thanks pages
  • Checkout websites
  • Fees web pages
  • Video websites Sales page profiles.
  • Press websites.
  • Touchdown web pages.
  • As well as various other good ideas

And also certainly, there’s something we call Kartra taior-made domain, there are a lot of them. This indicates you can connect your web pages with your domain name as easily as spelling ABC. One Time Offer Up Sell Clickfunnels Why We Chose Kartra

7. Kartra Email Series – Utilize this function to generate droves of clicks as well as, more especially, utilize them to boost your sales and also compensations.

A close have a look at Kartra e-mail’s discloses something similar to the Swiss Knife of benefits as well as features. Right here is a list of a few of the important things you can achieve with it (besides the evident benefit of sending great deals of emails):

  • Send out email followup message instantaneously.
  • Subscribe from checklists.
  • Subscribe to checklists.
  • Appoint tags.
  • Along with various other good ideas.

We can not detail whatever offered by Kartra in one message. Qualities like Kartra helpdesk, Kartra video, Kartra business, Kartra analytics require their actual own different articles.

With any type of good luck, we will definitely consider each of them in days to locate. Currently allow’s end whatever concerning Kartra rates system.

 

Summary of Kartra pricing plans:

One Time Offer Up Sell Clickfunnels Why We Chose Kartra

Kartra Starter Plan expenses $ 99 per month in enhancement to 2 week examination period.

 

Kartra Silver Plan prices $199 monthly (permits you preserve money) together with 2 weeks test period.

 

Kartra Gold Plan – prices $200 monthly in addition to 2 weeks test period.

 

Kartra Platimum Plan used to cost $499 every month and also was stopped.

 

Kartra Venture Plan is just easily accessible when you get in touch with the company.

 

Please remember that you will still require to pay $1 for the entire 14 day examination period. That’s a negligible expense to pay nevertheless worth mentioning. Go here if you intend to the $1, 14-day Kartra test.

Last Ideas On Kartra: One Time Offer Up Sell Clickfunnels Why We Chose Kartra

If you are looking for inexpensive cloud software program that is stuffed with lots of superior features that brings you unbelievable benefits, you might intend to explore Kartra.

Some customers have actually reported gaining revenues around $1,000 within the initial 2 weeks of the examination throughout which the people would certainly just get rid of $1 in fees.

It is likewise an outstanding beginning element for newbies who are yet to comprehend the ins and outs of email marketing and advertising as they can maximize the multidimensional funnels, done-for-you campaigns, along with Kartra mail.

A close take into consideration the benefits that feature Katra rates approaches will certainly expose to you that the remedy is dedicated to letting you send far more emails and maintaining numerous e-mail ask for much less. One Time Offer Up Sell Clickfunnels Why We Chose Kartra

Kartra Starter Plan Cost

This Kartra plan, proactively called so to appeal to clients that are brand new online or those with an email listing with less than 2,500 calls.

This includes a 2 week test as well as fee of $99 each month.

This is a listing of the advantages that include this technique:

  • Send15,000 e-mails on a regular monthly basis
  • Optimum of 2,500 calls
  • Develop approximately 100 web pages
  • Produce as much as 20 items
  • Have 1 customized domain name
  • Run 2 helpdesk internet sites
  • Enjoy 50GB of capacity monthly
  • Roughly 20 followup collection
  • As much as 100 total automation
  • Unlimited website browse through
  • 2 x full registration net sites

You perhaps do not need 20 products, however you’ll delight in the news that they can be enhanced. However, it does not resemble a adverse pricing plan for an owner of a start-up with about 15,000 e-mails to send every month. 

If you are targeting at building in addition to developingsales funnels, thismethod may validate useful additionally.

Kartra as a matter of fact does email advertising in addition to these luxurious benefits. This can be a money saver as you do not require to get a different email advertising and marketing tool.

All you require to do is accumulate your leads along with send out the e-mails with Kartra. Points obtain a whole far better when you continue to the Silver strategy. Allow’s have a look at what the Silver technique has in store.

Click Here to get your free 14 Day Kartra Starter Plan Trial. one time offer up sell clickfunnels why we chose kartra

Sign Up For Your Free 14 Day Kartra Trial Here!

Kartra Silver Plan Month-to-month Expense  (Kartra‘s most preferred plan:

This plan is possibly as noticeable as it’s amazing. Typically, you would certanly pay a much greater month-to-month cost.

Yet remember it is an upgrade of the starter strategy, so you reach take pleasure in great deals of upgraded benefits. These are the incentives as well as connects that function this plan:

  • Send up to 125,000 e-mails monthly
  • Support as much as
  • 12,500 e-mail get in touches with
  • Create unlimited items
  • Develop infinite websites
  • Create limitless helpdesk internet sites
  • Unlimited total automation
  • Limitless amount of web pages
  • Unlimited subscription internet site
  • 125GB regular monthly bandwidth
  • Unlimited dynamic followups series.
  • As long ashigh as 3 personalized domain names.

 

This listing plainly exposes why Silver is Kartra’s a lot of favored plan. If you plan to create sales funnels that transform extremely, this is the very best plan for you. Permit’s see if it can exceed the Gold method.

If you prefer to suffer a optimum of 25,000 e-mail connect with monhly, this is mosting most likely to be your strategy. It similarly isn’t inadequate if you are trying to find even more benefits.

As you can predict, the Gold Plan is an enhancement of the Novice as well as Silver plans.

 

Click Here To Start Your Silver Kartra 14 Day Free Trial

If you wish to support a maximum of 25,000 e-mail calls monthly, this is going to be your strategy. It additionally isn’t negative if you are looking for more rewards. As you can predict, the Gold Strategy is an improvement of the Beginner as well as Silver strategies.

  • Send up to 250,000 e-mails regular month-to-month
  • Support a optimum of 25,000 get in touches with.
  • Develop limitless web pages.
  • Create unlimited products.
  • Have unlimited web sites.

 

Click Here To Start Your Gold Kartra 14 Day Free Trial. one time offer up sell clickfunnels why we chose kartra

one time offer up sell clickfunnels why we chose kartra

If you are targeting at holding pertaining to 50,000 email phone calls, this is more than likely to the excellent plan for you. As well as if you are right here for an boosted number of rewards, Kartra Platinum obtained you covered.

This strategy involves a 2 week test period along with a regular monthly price of $499 thereafter.

These are the advantages that include the approach:

  • Send up to 500,000 e-mails month-to-month
  • Aid a optimum of 50,000 get in touches with
  • Establish an endless variety of helpdesk portals
  • Develop an unrestricted number of items
  • Generate an endless selection of pages
  • Unlimited lively followups series
  • Roughly 10 customized domains
  • Countless full subscription sites
  • Unlimited overall automation.
  • Limitless number of most likely to on websites.

500GB normal monthly data transfer.

Impressive adequate, approximately you would certainly declare, nevertheless we really have like 2 much more plans finally this short article. Let’s proceed.

 

Click Here to Start Your Platinum Kartra 14 Day Free Trial

one time offer up sell clickfunnels why we chose kartra

Bear in mind that Kartra quit this plan for unexplained reasons. We have actually chosen to include it right here just to function as a resource for response to any kind of inquiry you have worrying it.

If you wish to know absolutely nothing worrying this technique, you can proceed to the complying with strategy.

But I really feel urged to point out that Kartra Diamond was the beloved of huge marketing players as you would definitely sustain as lots of as 100,000 e-mail contacts in addition to different other impressive benefits.

When it was below, you might appreciate a 2-week examination and also pay a routine month-to-month expense of $699 thereafter. The only perk we can discuss right here was its support for a optimum of 100,000 get in touches with. one time offer up sell clickfunnels why we chose kartra

 

Click Here To Start Your Diamond Kartra 14 Day Free Trial

Kartra Venture Plan  Rates & Features

This is the biggest bundle you can every buy from Kartra.

At this moment, you could ask on your own if you genuinely need over 100,000 leads.

If you do, after that this technique will end up being specifically what you need to acquire huge in your email advertising and marketing.

However, unlike the mentioned plans, you will absolutely require to speak straight to the individuals at Kartra to utilize this technique.

So if your email advertising is highly advanced that you do not really equire todevelop lots of leads, you are better off without this plan.

If you are blistered for even more leads, nonetheless, follow this treatment:

1. Click this internet link to Kartra websites

2. Make certain that you call their support group about getting business method And that’s the list of every one of Katra’s rates methods.

Select the strategy that fits the requirements of your solution. At the beginning of this message, we guaranteed to information the rates system, incentives, and also benefits/features that come with Kartra’s remedies.

Presently enable’s have a eye numerous of the advantages of using Kartra’s attributes: There is a lot of wonderful things we can discuss Kartra. However, for the purpose of your time, we will stay clear of explaining in addition to rather touch on each advantage as gently as possible.

If you desire recognize a lot more worrying Kartra as well as likewise every infomation regarding its benefits, you might want to follow this web link. one time offer up sell clickfunnels why we chose kartra

What Can You Do With Kartra? one time offer up sell clickfunnels why we chose kartra

Listed below we have actually provided some of the main fucntions of Kartra. Please continue reading so you can obtain a better suggestion of Kartra and a few of its primary features:

 

1. Multidimensional Funnels – Besides allowing you create various kinds of funnels that fit your needs, Kartraprovides you with an series of inbuilt readymade funnels which functions equally as flawlessly as those you produce on your own. It is worth stating that each and every solitary integrated channel on the system was produced by Frank Kern himself. Let’s discover the coolest features on the system

 

2. Make certain that you contact their support group regarding acquiring the Enterprise strategy which’s the listing of every one of Kartra’s rates methods. Select the approach that fits the needs of your organisation.

At the beginning of this article, we guaranteed to detail the pricing system, rewards, as well as benefits/features that feature Kartra’s services.

3. Provided for your projects – These provided for you campaigns comes with a good deal of advantages, one being the substantial quantity it conserves you. The truth that you can launch one at a push of a switch makes it less made complex to use and likewise much more attractive to newbie. Additionally, if you have in fact remained in web marketing for some years, you could have found that Frank Kern is kind of an authority in this market.

Thus you are mosting likely to be blown away to listen to the master himself collaborated with Kartra to supply custom-made funnels for you. one time offer up sell clickfunnels why we chose kartra

A usual premade network on Fate contains the following:

 

  • Landing pages.
  • Thanks web pages.
  • Emails. Consumer checkout pages.
  • Squeeze web pages.

 

As quickly as you obtain one, all you need to do is include the name of your product, rates, pictures, in addition to different other detail.

One click downsells along with upsells. This is amongst a fistful of functions lots of Kartra clients do not learn about. It supplies to soothe the obtaining procedures of your customers a lot easier.

If your client plans to obtain the OTO, the only factor you require to do is click the switch identified Include in Transport every little thing else moves efficiently from there.

Kartra Subscription Websites Builder With Kartra, you can create registration web pages, drip-feed web content, venture out certain web content, to name a few excellent tasks.

You can even enhance your web marketing by charging a registration. Right here is a video highlighting a great deal more regarding membership websites on Kartra.

 

4. Kartra Repayment Gateways You will certainly be thrilled to learn that Kartra integrates with PayPal amongst a listing of different other frequently made use of negotiation remedies, consisting of Stripe, Authorize.net, as well as Braintree.

This is a extremely essential location, especially if you consider the reality that you will certainly be supplying with your sales funnel.

Perhaps they are planning to include even more choices, that recognizes. Also much better, you utilize Kartra price cut voucher codes to assist your customers get cost cuts while making acquisitions.

5. Kartra Affiliate monitoring – ( continue to lure in more associate advertising and marketing experts and also enhance your sales). If you are a follower of associate programs, you will appreciate your timewith Kartra.

This firm runs an affiliate administration system to care for users that would like to venture right into this place of advertising and marketing. This furthermore implies you do not require to spend money on stand-alone partner advertising gadgets– just do everything from the convenience of your Kartra plan.

If you are still clueless concerning developing your Kartra partner marketing, acquire some understandings from this video clip.

 

6. Kartra Pages – This feature needs a lot of description given that it doesn’t appear appealing to a good deal of individuals, which’s entirely easy to understand.

Nevertheless, let’s have a look at the bright side of it. Kartra offers a drag along with decline functionality that makes it possible for consumers to quickly create adaptable and high remodeling web pages.

If you are not an growth wizard, this is a very useful function. Considering that the drag in addition to decline capability is very simple to make use of, you will mainly stop the migraine that consists of attempting to determine something new.

The much shorter the moment you spend creating high transforming funnels along with positioning them in action, the reduced the chance you will miss out on the necessary leads in your target audience. Katra web pages allows you produce;

  • Thank You web pages
  • Checkout websites
  • Rates web pages
  • Video clip websites Sales page profiles.
  • Press websites.
  • Touchdown web pages.
  • And other advantages

And also without a doubt, there’s something we call Kartra taior-made domain name, there are lots of them. This indicates you can connect your pages with your domain name as easily as punctuation ABC. one time offer up sell clickfunnels why we chose kartra

7. Kartra E-mail Series – Use this function to generate droves of clicks and also, more notably, use them to boost your sales as well as settlements.

A close have a look at Kartra e-mail’s reveals something comparable to the Swiss Knife of benefits and attributes. Right here is a checklist of a few of the things you can complete with it (besides the apparent benefit of sending out great deals of e-mails):

  • Send email followup message promptly.
  • Subscribe from lists.
  • Register for checklists.
  • Assign tags.
  • As well as various other good things.

We can not list whatever given by Kartra in one article. Characteristics like Kartra helpdesk, Kartra video clip, Kartra company, Kartra analytics need their very own separate messages.

With any type of good luck, we will definitely consider each of them in days to locate. Currently allow’s end whatever concerning Kartra prices system.

 

Summary of Kartra pricing plans:

one time offer up sell clickfunnels why we chose kartra

Kartra Starter Plan expenses $ 99 per month in addition to 2 week test period.

 

Kartra Silver Plan expenses $199 each month (allows you save cash) together with 2 weeks trial duration.

 

Kartra Gold Plan – prices $200 each month along with 2 weeks test period.

 

Kartra Platimum Plan utilized to set you back $499 every month and also was ceased.

 

Kartra Venture Plan is only obtainable when you get in touch with the company.

 

Please keep in mind that you will still call for to pay $1 for the whole 14 day examination duration. That’s a minimal expense to pay nonetheless worth specifying. Go here if you mean to the $1, 14-day Kartra test.

Last Ideas On Kartra: one time offer up sell clickfunnels why we chose kartra

If you are searching for inexpensive cloud software application that is stuffed with lots of outstanding attributes that brings you unimaginable advantages, you may mean to trying out Kartra.

Some consumers have reported earning profits around $1,000 within the first 2 weeks of the examination during which the individuals would simply part with $1 in costs.

It is additionally an superb beginning element for newbies who are yet to recognize the ins and outs of email advertising and marketing as they can take advantage of the multidimensional funnels, done-for-you campaigns, as well as Kartra mail.

A close think about the benefits that feature Katra rates strategies will absolutely expose to you that the solution is dedicated to letting you send a lot more emails and maintaining various e-mail ask for much less. one time offer up sell clickfunnels why we chose kartra

error: Content is protected !!